Should We Be Integrating Mobile Health Apps in Clinical Trials?

Wearables and mobile health (Mhealth) apps collect subject/patient data from mobile or purpose built devices to record data in real time. The rationale behind this type of technology is to reduce the burden on subjects by eliminating unnecessary procedures, streamlining routine procedures and reducing time spent at clinical trial sites. It is evident from the review of a range of literature that studies integrating some form of mobile health technology can be broadly categorised into a few phases of development: studies on the development of new devices, studies on the validity of functional wearable devices, studies comparing new device and conventional endpoints, and finally those studies which trial the device as a health intervention. This article aims to briefly discuss these phases with reference to examples of recent studies demonstrating some safety or efficacy endpoint relating to a newly developed device.